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What is Strength and Conditioning?

Administrator April 05, 2019

By: Michael Gibbs, NP, MSN, MBA, CSCS, RYT-200

We constantly get asked what exercises will make your arms grow, or what will make your butt bigger, or how to get six-pack abs.
We always have the same response. We ask these individuals which they would prefer. Would you prefer to be stronger, faster, healthier, and more mobile, or would you like the appearance of health even if you are not healthy, fit or strong.

For the individuals that want to be stronger, faster, healthier and more mobile, we take them on as clients.
For individuals only concerned with appearance, even if it destroys their health, we send them to bodybuilding. Bodybuilders are generally weak, unhealthy, slow and non-flexible.

See, the funny thing really is, if you train like an athlete, you will be healthy and strong, and your body will look healthy and strong anyway. For our purposes, we want people that have the right goals as they get the best results.

Now, for the information on strength and conditioning. Strength and conditioning makes you better at either life or sport.
For our clients that do not have a competitive sport, we have a program that gives them the attributes of a good all-around athlete. These attributes are below:

  • Strength
  • Power
  • Speed
  • Agility
  • Aerobic and Anerobic Capacity
  • Athleticism
  • Mobility

If you have a specific sport (for example, martial arts), a strength and conditioning program is based upon the needs of that sport. Martial artists need the following attributes:

  • High Strength to Weight Ratio
  • Extreme Rotational Strength
  • Extreme power
  • Extreme speed
  • Extreme Agility
  • Extreme Mobility
  • Incredible Anerobic Capacity
  • Enough endurance

As you can see, the marital artist has a need for extreme power and anerobic capacity. Since it’s impossible to be an expert at all attributes of fitness, there is always a trade-off. So, a martial arts training program may trade brute strength for more power and anerobic capacity.

Conversely, gymnastics does not require a lot of endurance or significant anerobic capacity. However, the strength and power requirements of a gymnast on a strength to weight ratio may be the highest of any athlete in the world. So, when training a gymnast, the emphasis would be on the following attributes:

  • Extreme Strength to Weight Ratio
  • Extreme power
  • Extreme speed
  • Extreme Agility
  • Extreme Mobility
  • Sufficient anerobic capacity to complete a gymnastics routine

Now you know the difference between aesthetic training (aka bodybuilding) and strength and conditioning. has online strength and conditioning programs that make you better at life or sport. To begin training, visit


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